Top 10 Medical Specialist and How They Treat Their Patient

A 2019 report shows that nearly all patients find it difficult to consult the right doctor for their health care. The very first step a patient takes is to visit a primary care doctor. It is the initial treatment for patient healthcare and keeps all the data. 

When the time comes, the primary care doctor suggests the patient see a medical specialist cure an infection in a specific area of the body. To cope with health concerns, it is key to learn about the different types of medical specialists and how they treat patients.

Fortunately, I knew about many medical specialists when my uncle was suffering from lung disease. We found out the best medical specialist in Karachi to get the treatment at the right time. 

To help you, we are here with an ultimate list of medical specialists. The list will help you to find out what specialist you should visit for your health concern. 

 1 – Anesthesiologists

Anesthesiologists are the specialists who evaluate and monitor the patient’s condition before, after, and during the surgery, childbirth, or operation to ensure the optimal safety of the patient. They are responsible to check the vital signs when a patient is under anesthesia. 

 2 – Podiatrist 

Podiatrists are the health care professionals who have been specialized to diagnose and cure the feet and lower limbs. They help the patient to relieve the pain and help to heal the injuries. Bunions are also a disease that is cured by a Podiatrist. 

 3 – OB/GYN

OB/GYN represents obstetrician/gynecologist. Gynecologists are the medical specialists that study the female reproductive organs. 

Obstetricians are the doctor who deals with childbirth and pregnancy issues. A doctor can specialize in both fields to provide all the services to patients under one roof.

 4 – Orthopedist 

A medical specialist who has specialized in functional abnormalities of bones is known as Orthopedist. Orthopedists are also responsible for treating bone injuries. They treat the bone abnormalities with surgery, casting, and bracing. Bone injuries that will not heal on their own are treated by a bone specialist. 

Hip, neck, and back are the health concerns that are also treated by an orthopedist. 

5 – Radiologist 

Using medical imaging, radiologists are responsible to diagnose and treat injuries. For example, a patient comes to a hospital in an emergency with a head injury. A radiologist does an MRI to ensure and diagnose the head injury and report to the other doctor to plan treatment.

 6 – Urologist 

Visiting a PCP helps a lot as it allows us to consult a medical specialist related to our health concerns. When your PCP finds the symptoms of urinary diseases, then he/she suggests you visit a urologist. Urologists will diagnose and treat your urinary disease with medication. 

 7 – Nephrologist 

Nephrology is the study that involves kidney diseases and their treatments. They focus on treating kidney failure, kidney infections, and chronic kidney diseases. If you see blood in urine, then your PCP will suspect that you have a kidney disorder. You may be suggested to visit a nephrologist. 

 8 – Oncologist 

An oncologist is the leader of a team who diagnoses and treats a cancer patient. Such medical specialists order some tests to diagnose and stage cancer. Oncology has further subspecialties. They treat a patient using chemotherapy or medication, depending on the condition and cancer stage of the patient. 

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 9 – Gastroenterologists

Gastroenterology is the study of the digestive system and its related disorders. It includes the study about all the digestive organs, including the stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, etc. 

Gastroenterologists also check liver disorders by checking the liver tissue and its damages. Sometimes, they use a needle to remove an infected liver issue.

10 – Cardiologist 

A cardiologist is a specialist who has been specialized to diagnose and treat heart and blog vessel diseases. When a PCP finds out an infection related to the heart, then he/she asks the patient to visit a Cardiologist. To diagnose the real disease, a heart specialist runs some tests and plans treatment. A patient also visits a cardiologist for high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, etc. When I was in Karachi, I was suffering from an irregular heartbeat problem. My PCP asked me to visit the Usman memorial hospital. Well, It was a great experience. 

 Final Thoughts 

The medical field does not involve only 10 different types. PCP always helps the patient to find the right doctor at the right time. We have shared 10 different types of medical specialists and also explain how they treat their patients. Now, you have a better understanding of whom you should visit for a particular health concern!

Faisal Rafiq

Faisal is a medical researcher and writer. His main interest lies in spreading awareness of the common healthcare issues by learning and sharing more about human life every day.

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