Best Inventions of 2019
Last year, the Chinese spacecraft landed on the moon’s rear and made history, introducing a new system for converting carbon dioxide into electricity and hydrogen, making new robots, and much more.
In the past year, many stars have shone in the realm of science and technology in 2019 as well, because this year also, the race for knowledge, discoveries and inventions has continued very fast this year. Without them, no country can make progress, given that various scientists and scientists will be flying a number of flags of discoveries and inventions in 2019.
There is no denying that one of the major reasons for the development of developed countries is that they give a lot of importance to the fields of science and technology. Pakistan is also developing slowly in these areas now, even though the science and technology of 2019. The canvas proved to be a very important year to expand, but the following are just a few of the inventions that can play a major role in changing the map of any country in the future.
17 Best Inventions of 2019
1: The Chinese ship became the first space mission
In 2019, the Chinese spacecraft made history by landing in the rear of the moon, and it became the first ship to land in the dark. Earlier, missions to the moon went to the part of the Earth that is on the verge of landing. The first time a ship has landed on the rear of the moon. The Chinese spacecraft is equipped with a variety of devices, in addition to examining the geological features of the moon and also performing biological experiments.
We can see only one side of the moon from the earth because the rotation of the moon takes the same amount of time as it rotates around the earth while day and night time are equal on both sides of the moon.
2: Electricity Producing Bacteria
This year, experts at the Massachusetts Chiwet Institute (MIT) have developed batteries that will contain bacteria (germs) and allow them to run or move equipment easily. The new method is certainly in place. While keeping them in the laboratory and increasing their numbers is especially difficult and expensive.
But following the new approach of MIT experts, it has been a little easier to isolate the electricity-generating bacteria. For this, the type of bacteria was isolated using the technique dye electrophoresis, which exposed the bacteria to more electricity.
3: Blue tooth sticker
Violet Company, based in New York City, has developed a Blue Tooth Sticker in 2019 that absorbs energy from magnetic or radial forces in the air, generates energy without batteries, and sends signals to smartphones.
The Blue Tooth pave has an ARM processor that runs on its own by collecting energy from the sides. It can be antennae on a small chip and mounted on any piece of paper or plastic. This blue tooth sticker can also be accessed from any smartphone, internet, and other platforms.
4: Introduces a new system for the conversion of carbon dioxide into electricity and hydrogen
Experts have introduced a new system this year to convert hostile gas carbon dioxide into hydrogen. It generates electricity. This system is called “Hybrid Dane a C Auto System”. It is basically a liquid battery type.
It contains sodium metal anodes, which act as organic electrolytes. While the cathode contains a liquid solution, the liquid of this type is kept separate by a single membrane. Namely, “Sodium superionic conductor”. As carbon dioxide is added to a liquid electrode, the solution is further acidified by the cathode, followed by electricity and hydrogen.
5: Sensory alert for infection in trees
In 2019, there are smart sensors installed on commercial forest trees in Brazil that can report on their own. The important thing is that all of this data can also be viewed on a smartphone. Developed by a private Azel company, the system has been named “Smart Forest”.
The sensor also alerts experts to tree infections, disease attacks, and plant pathogens. The sensor installed on each tree collects a full-day history, which can be viewed on the smartphone via the app. The system can be used very well to monitor financial forests. Many Brazilian companies are also using this technology.
6: Disinfecting metal to remove germs from water
This year, Chinese scientists have developed a magical metal that can remove 99.99% of germs and bacteria by exposure to sunlight. If ultraviolet or ultraviolet light is cast on it, it will kill bacteria by 10 liters of water in just one hour. And eliminates germs, and enables them to drink water.
It is being offered as a good alternative to the filter system. – Ten liters of water is sterile in just one hour. According to experts, this invention is effective and viable.
7: Drone fly
Aeronautical engineer Edon von Rieu has been designing a drone fly in the name of “meta-fly” in 2019. It has been designed keeping in view several flying insects. Only 10 grams, 7-and-a-half inches in length, and its wingspan are about 11 inches. The coil-less motor mounted on it is driven by a gelatinium polymer battery. An aluminum heat sink has also been installed to absorb it.
Experts say it has a two-channel radio remote control for remote control of the meta-fly. After charging for 15 minutes, it can fly for 8 minutes. It also has a power bank, which allows the drone. It can be charged, so that we can reach a maximum height of 100 meters. Its entire body is made of carbon fiber and other flexible polymers.
8: Water and land drone boats
This year, Chinese scientists have built the world’s first naval and drones ship equipped with drone technology and have also been tested. It is capable of traveling evenly in water and land. It can also be run from a satellite via remote control. This drone boat has been nicknamed the “Marine Lizard” because of its amazing abilities.
The special thing is that as soon as it arrives on the ground, it continues its journey by removing the captive tracks in the iron strap of its internal tank, with drone boats at speeds of up to 20 kilometers per hour. It can travel while floating in the water while the tracks remain inside the boat. The three-box drone is 12 meters in length, powered by a hydro jet, and with the weight of the stealth technology, it speeds up to 50 knots. The range may be up to 1200 km.
9: Eco-friendly plastic invented from trees
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin have created genetically modified bacteria this year that can produce environmentally friendly plastics from tree wood. It is found in the cell wall of green plants. According to one study, bacteria can make many useful compounds (compounds). Lignon produces a complex chemical that can be digested.
Called Topiron Four, Six Dye Carboxylic Acid YPDC. Experts had to extract three important genes from the bacteria, after which they were able to produce the desired compound. Plastic material can be easily made from, but the plastic itself is ruptured and dissipated automatically without damaging the environment.
10: NASA’s Unique Super Snake Jet Ready
In 2019, the designers of the NASA designed a super-snake aircraft, which has a cockpit in the middle, looking at the structure of the aircraft and then penciling it. Pilots face problems in viewing the front view. But NASA has introduced a four-screen solution, with several cameras installed, and allowing the pilot can see to view the entire scene.
The designers named the aircraft 59Q UEST or Quist, with two sophisticated cameras installed at its tip, which is meant to show the whole scene together. Another feature of it is that as it goes beyond the speed of sound, it does not produce a loud “sound echo”. According to experts, currently, it is not a passenger but its research. Progress can be made on planes that travel at high speeds without sound.
11: Invent the “Universal Memory” for storing data
This year, the University of British Columbia has invented an electronic memory for storing countless and infinite data of users. Experts call it “Universal Memory”. The memory is the same, so what is special about it is that it combines both [memory] RAM and Flash storage.
It has the ability to store 100 times more data than DRAM. Scientists say that universal memory also has intrinsic data storage time, while it uses less energy. This memory will work on a computer that Boating will never be required. With this memory, users will not have to update computers, mobile phones, and apps again and again.
12: Road tires that make electricity
This year, a Japanese company has invented tires that will generate electricity from road friction. Experts have installed a small device that stores electricity. Two layers of rubber in the power generator. They are mounted on the electrodes. They have negative and positively charged layers. As the tire is rubbing off the road, it produces some kind of driving force.
Called Electrostatic City, this tire generates electricity through the force of friction. Although the amount of power it produces is modest, it can easily run on many small devices. These vehicles have radios, dashes. There may also be bored lights and other sensors. Experts say that later the entire system will be able to supply power to other devices.
13: Antibacterial device to remove various
Experts in 2019 have developed a device that can clean clothes, vegetables, and fruits without any problem. The special thing is that it can be easily heard in the palm as well. The device uses only 50 watts of electricity. And it cleanses and sterilizes objects with 50,000 revolutions per second. The company claims that it cannot only remove germs and bacteria from various substances but also harmful chemicals and pesticides from vegetables and fruits.
It is also very easy to use, dip the item you need to clean in water and place the Sonic dry in the cup and press the Start button, then in a short time, the object is completely cleaned. Water consumption is also 400 times less than energy and 15 times less energy.
Moving this device from one place to another is even easier. Experts say it is completely waterproof. The company has set a price of $ 150 and is manufactured under the power system of each country.
14: Earth’s battery-charging system
Currently, more than a billion people in the world are losing power. In view of this, a new system has been created this year that converts the heat of the night into the electricity of the earth and thus in the first phase, it can charge the batteries that keep the lights on besides the cell phones. This device generates electricity from the heat or heat emitted from the ground at night.
It was developed by Dr. Ausoth Raman and his colleagues at the University of California Los Angeles. The technology produces thermo-electric effects. This device generates electricity using a thermoelectric effect. Similarly, the factories used to convert boilers, heating plants, and exhaust heat from cars to electric power are becoming common use. The new method adopted by Dr. Aswatha Raman is called “radiative sky cooling”. has been given. For this, a black disc is placed on the polystyrene box, which is facing towards the sky and has a barrier or block made of aluminum.
The black disk cools the ground temperature and the aluminum block warms the cool air at night. This difference makes the thermoelectric and it produces a large amount of electricity. In the experiment, one square meter produces 25 mW which is sufficient to illuminate an LED but in hot areas, the output of electricity is 20 times. Can increase where the temperature difference varies greatly. That way an LED bulb or mobile phone can be easily charged. The whole system costs only $30.
15: James Webb Space Telescope
In 2019, scientists have developed a sophisticated space telescope, the James Webb Telescope, which will replace the Hubble Space Telescope and also uncover the secrets of the universe. This James Webb telescope is the most powerful, The largest space telescope honors even the most sophisticated and sophisticated space telescopes.
This Hubble Space Telescope will collect more than seven times the light and give us the best picture of the universe, and by viewing infrared light, we can take pictures of distant parts of the universe and maybe even catch a glimpse of the ancient universe, Which does not exist today. In 2007 a regular project for its preparation began.
Now all its parts have been folded and the assembly is complete. Two parts of the telescope are connected by a single crane, with highly accurate and sensitive mirrors. It will be sent to orbit in 2021.
16: Discovery of stars near Earth
In 2019, astronomers have discovered a cluster of stars near Earth that are moving in one direction. They have been named “the river of stars”. Experts from the University of Vienna and Austria called the European Space Satellite. Discover these stars in Ga’s photos and data. There are more than 4,000 stars in this star-filled wave. You can learn a lot about the field and other planetary research.
The most important part of their discovery and calculation is that of the Gaia satellite, and for this reason, the experts have created a 3D map of the river of stars that shows their movement, although these stars are created at the same time. The Milky Way galaxy’s gravitational force has dispersed them into thin particles. Experts believe that this river of stars has completed four rounds around our galaxy since its birth. In addition, we can learn more about the galactic impact of our galaxy, and its impact on stars, by further research on it.
17: Discovery of the smallest moon in Neptune
This year, astronomers have revealed a moon orbiting the planet Neptune, and experts claim that this moon is the smallest moon in our entire solar system, which is only 21 miles or 34 km in diameter. Named “Hippo Camp”.
The moon is so high that it was ignored by the Voyager spacecraft in 1989. According to Mark Schowalter, expert for the search for external intelligence, it was very difficult to see it, and secondly, it was very close to Neptune.
Innovative robots introduced in 2019
1: Water-changing robots
This year, two engineering company specialists have developed a robot that is capable of changing its appearance in the water. It is also capable of swimming in human blood. This robot is made of bacteria. The special thing is that they also have the ability to swim. In addition, it also changes its appearance according to the surrounding environment.
You can even travel in the blood vessels without slowing your pace. This robot has an intelligence program that allows these robots to swim in both water and blood and perform their duties accurately, making it a revolution in the world of medicine. Experts have given this robot significant inventions for the delivery of drugs, surgeries, and complex wounds throughout the body.
2: Wall-building robot
The experts at Harrods University have built an architectural robot in 2019 that can automatically create walls with metal sheets, from metal sheets to soft sand, even on sandy sand, the pieces of which connect to each other. A strong wall is formed. Experts say that these robots can create floodplains, protective walls, and obstacles protecting the earth without human intervention. In addition, they can help build water reservoirs.
Metal plates can also be mounted on smooth and sloping surfaces in construction. As well as other tasks, these robots can play a key role in preventing dust from falling. Heavy metal sheets are submerged in clay, with four wheels acting as actuators. As well as evolution, metal plates are scraped inside even though their length may not be as high as a robot. Experts hope that this robot will prove to be very useful in the future.
3: Plates washing robot
This year, a company called Dish-Eft has created a pot-washing robot that quickly cleanses hundreds of plates. The robot is currently washed with bowls and plates to which any metal is attached. Accordingly, in the future, he will be able to wash other dishes of other types. When the plates reach a certain number, the robot delivers them to a dishwasher.
It raises the plates with the help of a magnet and cleans the rubber food leftover by a piece of rubber, and then, by means of a camera and sensor, it rinses the plates with water and uses recycled water throughout the process. The staff later cleans the plates with a sterile liquid. Experts hope the restaurant industry will benefit greatly from this technology.
5: Four-Wings flying robot
This year, American experts have recently built the world’s smallest and lightest flying robot, flying wirelessly. It has been developed by experts at Harvard University’s Micro Robotics Laboratory. Weight is only 259 mg. It has two piezo actuators installed. Despite being extremely thin, it flies by getting energy from sunlight.
It’s called “Robobi” X. It flies 170 times in 1 second. Its feet are only 3.5 cm and the robot insect height is 6.5 cm. According to expert Yin To control this, two numbers are placed on the plates that act as muscles. When the power runs through these plates, the plates spread and shrink. Six-digit solar cells have been installed on this robot out of which Each weighs 10 mg.
Solar cells are mounted on the wings, but they do not interfere with the flight of the robot, as soon as the robot lights up, it flies over and the robot flies. The robot can also be used for aerial research, human exploration in corners, and many other tasks. It can even land on a small address. The next step will be to make the robot fly better able to fly in the sunlight.
6: Jellyfish “robot
In 2019, Dr. Matten City, a specialist at the Max Planck Institute, and his team developed a small “jellyfish” robot. It also works to move objects from one place to another, mixing liquids and burying itself. The size of this non-wired robot is 5 mm. German experts make this robot infused with children of a common jellyfish. Despite its small and simple structure, it can perform many tasks.
The special thing is that it performs a complex process by controlling the flow of liquids. According to experts, magnetic particles have been installed on the jellyfish robot to control and operate it, which also trembles under the influence of the external magnetic field.