Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria located on the bay of Port Phillip. The city of Melbourne is the second most expensive city in Australia and also the most populous one. In 2014, the population of the Melbourne was 44, 42,919 and the inhabitants of Melbourne is called Melbournians.
The city was established on 30th August, 1835 with an area of 9900 sq. km. This city is also called as the cultural capital of Australia. Melbourne is the birthplace of the Australian Dance Style. Melbourne holds the world’s largest urban tram network.
1. Melbourne City Centre
Melbourne City Centre is a place expanded in the area of 6.2 km in the city of Melbourne. Among the six tallest building in Australia, five buildings are located in the City Centre. In the Creative Cities Network, UNESCO designated City Centre as the of ‘City of Literature’. The population of the City Centre is 28,371 and the people are of mixed social status.
The City Centre in Melbourne is the central business district and also the major financial centre of Melbourne. The headquarters of the world’s two largest mining companies are located in Melbourne City Centre. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Melbourne. It is a world-famous attraction for the celebration of New Year’s Eve parties and events.
2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne
Royal Botanic Gardens is a public park located in Melbourne, Victoria. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Melbourne. The garden is operated by the Royal Botanic Gardens Board. It was opened in 1846 with an area of 38 hectares. Approximately 1 million visitors visit this Royal Botanic Gardens on an average.
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The Royal Botanic Gardens are internationally renowned Botanic Gardens and located on the banks of River Yarra. It was a wedding place for Australia’s first Prime Minister Sir Edmund Barton who got married to Jane Ross.
3. Eureka Tower
Eureka Tower is one of the tallest buildings in the world. It ranked 108th among tallest building in the world. The architect of the building was Nonda Katsalidis. The Modern Architectural style was used in the construction of the building. Eureka tower is 297.3 mt. tall towards the sky with 91 floors.
The construction of the building was started in the August 2002 and was opened in October, 2006. The name of the Eureka tower was named after the Eureka stockade.
4. Melbourne Zoo
Melbourne Zoo is a common name of the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens. It was opened in 1862 with an area of 22 hectares. The zoo contains 320 spices of animals around the world among them elephants, lions and tigers are major exhibits. For the tourists enjoyment gardens and picnic areas are also developed along with the zoo.
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Melbourne zoo is also a member in Zoo and Aquarium Association and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Melbourne Zoo is the oldest zoo in Australia. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Melbourne.
5. Queen Victoria Market
Queen Victoria Market is locally known as the Vic Market in Australia. It is the largest open-air market with an area of 17 hectares. It is listed in the Victorian Heritage Register and is also a sign of Australia’s culture and heritage. The Victoria Market is constructed in Victorian Architectural style.
There were other two major markets in Melbourne, but they were closed after the opening of the Victoria Market. In presence, Victoria Market is Melbourne’s tourist destination having varieties of vegetables, meat, seafood and gourmet and many more.
6. Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket ground is a cricket ground in Melbourne, Australia. The ground is located in the Yarra park Melbourne, Australia with a seating capacity of 1,00,024 at a time. It is the largest cricket ground in Australia and 13th largest ground in the world. The Melbourne Cricket Ground was opened in the year 1854.
Not only cricket but also the other games like Australian Rules football, Rugby Football and Football is also being played here in the Melbourne Cricket Ground. It is shortly known as MCG. Later in 2005, MCG was included in the list of Victorian Heritage Register and Australian National Heritage List.
7. National Gallery of Victoria
National Gallery of Victoria is an art museum in Melbourne, Australia. The timing of the museum is 10:00 am to 5:00 pm and closed on Tuesday. It was founded in the year 1861 and locally known as NGV. The artwork like A Lion Attacking a Horse, The Pioneer, Shelling Peas are most precious art of the museum.
At present, there are 70000 artworks are kept in the gallery. The museum not only contains the art of Australia but also from the other parts of the world like European paintings, fashion and textiles, photography. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Melbourne.
8. State Library of Victoria
The State Library of Victoria is located in the city of Melbourne, Australia. The timing of the library is 10:00 am to 9:00 pm from Monday to Thursday and 10:00 am to 6:00 pm from Friday to Sunday. It was opened in the year 1856.
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The Neoclassical Architecture style was used to build the library and the architect was Joseph Reed. It is located in the Northern centre of the central business district. As in 2014, the library has a collection of 22,77209 newspapers and serials in the museum.
9. Healesville Sanctuary
Healesville Sanctuary is situated in the rural Healesville in Melbourne, Australia. It was opened in the year 1934 with an area of 30 hectares of land. The timing of the sanctuary is 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. Kangaroo, wombats, dingoes are some of the main spices of the zoo. The breeding is the most popular work of the zoo. The zoo also contains the breeding population of helmeted honeyeater.
10. St Paul’s Cathedral, Melbourne
St. Paul’s Cathedral is a cathedral situated in the city of Melbourne, Australia. The timing of the cathedral is 8:00 am to 6:00 pm from Monday to Saturday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm on Saturday and 7:30 am to 7:30 pm on Sunday. It was built in the Gothic architectural style and the height of the cathedral is 96 mt. The architecture of the cathedral was William Butterfield.
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